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Eyes.c

/* $XConsortium: Eyes.c,v 1.28 94/04/17 20:45:22 eswu Exp $ */
/* $XFree86: xc/programs/xeyes/Eyes.c,v 1.3 2001/07/25 15:05:21 dawes Exp $ */
/*

Copyright (c) 1991  X Consortium

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
"Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE X CONSORTIUM BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR
OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Except as contained in this notice, the name of the X Consortium shall
not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the sale, use or
other dealings in this Software without prior written authorization
from the X Consortium.

*/

/*
 * Eyes.c
 *
 * a widget which follows the mouse around
 */

# include <X11/Xos.h>
# include <stdio.h>
# include <X11/IntrinsicP.h>
# include <X11/StringDefs.h>
# include <X11/Xmu/Converters.h>
# include "EyesP.h"
# include <math.h>
# include <X11/extensions/shape.h>

#if (defined(SVR4) || defined(SYSV) && defined(i386))
extern double hypot(double, double);
#endif

#define offset(field) XtOffsetOf(EyesRec, eyes.field)
#define goffset(field) XtOffsetOf(WidgetRec, core.field)

static XtResource resources[] = {
    {XtNwidth, XtCWidth, XtRDimension, sizeof(Dimension),
      goffset(width), XtRImmediate, (XtPointer) 150},
    {XtNheight, XtCHeight, XtRDimension, sizeof(Dimension),
      goffset(height), XtRImmediate, (XtPointer) 100},
    {XtNforeground, XtCForeground, XtRPixel, sizeof(Pixel),
        offset(puppixel), XtRString, XtDefaultForeground},
    {XtNoutline, XtCForeground, XtRPixel, sizeof(Pixel),
        offset(outline), XtRString, XtDefaultForeground},
    {XtNcenterColor, XtCBackground, XtRPixel, sizeof (Pixel),
      offset(center), XtRString, XtDefaultBackground},
    {XtNreverseVideo, XtCReverseVideo, XtRBoolean, sizeof (Boolean),
      offset (reverse_video), XtRImmediate, (XtPointer) FALSE},
    {XtNbackingStore, XtCBackingStore, XtRBackingStore, sizeof (int),
      offset (backing_store), XtRString, "default"},
    {XtNshapeWindow, XtCShapeWindow, XtRBoolean, sizeof (Boolean),
      offset (shape_window), XtRImmediate, (XtPointer) TRUE},
};

#undef offset
#undef goffset

# define NUM_EYES 2
# define EYE_X(n) ((n) * 2.0)
# define EYE_Y(n) (0.0)
# define EYE_OFFSET     (0.1) /* padding between eyes */
# define EYE_THICK      (0.175)     /* thickness of eye rim */
# define BALL_WIDTH     (0.3)
# define BALL_PAD (0.05)
# define EYE_WIDTH      (2.0 - (EYE_THICK + EYE_OFFSET) * 2)
# define EYE_HEIGHT     EYE_WIDTH
# define EYE_HWIDTH     (EYE_WIDTH / 2.0)
# define EYE_HHEIGHT    (EYE_HEIGHT / 2.0)
# define BALL_HEIGHT    BALL_WIDTH
# define BALL_DIST      ((EYE_WIDTH - BALL_WIDTH) / 2.0 - BALL_PAD)
# define W_MIN_X  (-1.0 + EYE_OFFSET)
# define W_MAX_X  (3.0 - EYE_OFFSET)
# define W_MIN_Y  (-1.0 + EYE_OFFSET)
# define W_MAX_Y  (1.0 - EYE_OFFSET)

# define TPointEqual(a, b)  ((a).x == (b).x && (a).y == (b).y)
# define XPointEqual(a, b)  ((a).x == (b).x && (a).y == (b).y)

static int delays[] = { 50, 100, 200, 400, 0 };

static void ClassInitialize(void)
{
    XtAddConverter( XtRString, XtRBackingStore, XmuCvtStringToBackingStore,
                NULL, 0 );
}

WidgetClass eyesWidgetClass = (WidgetClass) &eyesClassRec;

/* ARGSUSED */
static void Initialize (
    Widget greq,
    Widget gnew,
    ArgList args,
    Cardinal *num_args)
{
    EyesWidget w = (EyesWidget)gnew;
    XtGCMask      valuemask;
    XGCValues     myXGCV;
    int shape_event_base, shape_error_base;

    /*
     * set the colors if reverse video; these are the colors used:
     *
     *     background - paper       white
     *     foreground - text, ticks black
     *     border - border          black (foreground)
     *
     * This doesn't completely work since the parent has already made up a 
     * border.  Sigh.
     */
    if (w->eyes.reverse_video) {
      Pixel fg = w->eyes.puppixel;
      Pixel bg = w->core.background_pixel;

      if (w->core.border_pixel == fg)
          w->core.border_pixel = bg;
      if (w->eyes.outline == fg)
          w->eyes.outline = bg;
      if (w->eyes.center == bg)
          w->eyes.center = fg;
      w->eyes.puppixel = bg;
      w->core.background_pixel = fg;
    }

    myXGCV.foreground = w->eyes.puppixel;
    myXGCV.background = w->core.background_pixel;
    valuemask = GCForeground | GCBackground;
    w->eyes.pupGC = XtGetGC(gnew, valuemask, &myXGCV);

    myXGCV.foreground = w->eyes.outline;
    valuemask = GCForeground | GCBackground;
    w->eyes.outGC = XtGetGC(gnew, valuemask, &myXGCV);

    myXGCV.foreground = w->eyes.center;
    myXGCV.background = w->eyes.puppixel;
    valuemask = GCForeground | GCBackground;
    w->eyes.centerGC = XtGetGC(gnew, valuemask, &myXGCV);

    w->eyes.update = 0;
    /* wait for Realize to add the timeout */
    w->eyes.interval_id = 0;

    w->eyes.pupil[0].x = w->eyes.pupil[1].x = -1000;
    w->eyes.pupil[0].y = w->eyes.pupil[1].y = -1000;

    w->eyes.mouse.x = w->eyes.mouse.y = -1000;

    if (w->eyes.shape_window && !XShapeQueryExtension (XtDisplay (w),
                                           &shape_event_base,
                                           &shape_error_base))
      w->eyes.shape_window = False;
    w->eyes.shape_mask = 0;
    w->eyes.shapeGC = 0;
}

static void eyeLiner (
    EyesWidget    w,
    Drawable      d,
    GC            outgc,
    GC            centergc,
    int           num)
{
      Display *dpy = XtDisplay(w);

      TFillArc (dpy, d, outgc, &w->eyes.t,
              EYE_X(num) - EYE_HWIDTH - EYE_THICK,
              EYE_Y(num) - EYE_HHEIGHT - EYE_THICK,
              EYE_WIDTH + EYE_THICK * 2.0,
              EYE_HEIGHT + EYE_THICK * 2.0,
              90 * 64, 360 * 64);
      if (centergc) {
          TFillArc (dpy, d, centergc, &w->eyes.t,
              EYE_X(num) - EYE_HWIDTH,
              EYE_Y(num) - EYE_HHEIGHT,
              EYE_WIDTH, EYE_HEIGHT,
              90 * 64, 360 * 64);
      }
}

static TPoint computePupil (
    int           num,
    TPoint  mouse)
{
      double      cx, cy;
      double      dist;
      double      angle;
      double      x, y;
      double      h;
      double      dx, dy;
      double      cosa, sina;
      TPoint      ret;

      dx = mouse.x - EYE_X(num);
      dy = mouse.y - EYE_Y(num);
      if (dx == 0 && dy == 0) {
            cx = EYE_X(num);
            cy = EYE_Y(num);
      } else {
            angle = atan2 ((double) dy, (double) dx);
            cosa = cos (angle);
            sina = sin (angle);
            h = hypot (EYE_HHEIGHT * cosa, EYE_HWIDTH * sina);
            x = (EYE_HWIDTH * EYE_HHEIGHT) * cosa / h;
            y = (EYE_HWIDTH * EYE_HHEIGHT) * sina / h;
            dist = BALL_DIST * hypot (x, y);
            if (dist > hypot ((double) dx, (double) dy)) {
                  cx = dx + EYE_X(num);
                  cy = dy + EYE_Y(num);
            } else {
                  cx = dist * cosa + EYE_X(num);
                  cy = dist * sina + EYE_Y(num);
            }
      }
      ret.x = cx;
      ret.y = cy;
      return ret;
}

static void computePupils (
    TPoint  mouse,
    TPoint  pupils[2])
{
    pupils[0] = computePupil (0, mouse);
    pupils[1] = computePupil (1, mouse);
}

static void eyeBall (
    EyesWidget    w,
    GC      gc,
    int     num)
{
      Display *dpy = XtDisplay(w);
      Window win = XtWindow(w);

      TFillArc (dpy, win, gc, &w->eyes.t,
               w->eyes.pupil[num].x - BALL_WIDTH / 2.0,
               w->eyes.pupil[num].y - BALL_HEIGHT / 2.0,
               BALL_WIDTH, BALL_HEIGHT,
              90 * 64, 360 * 64);
}

static void repaint_window (EyesWidget w)
{
      if (XtIsRealized ((Widget) w)) {
            eyeLiner (w, XtWindow (w), w->eyes.outGC, w->eyes.centerGC, 0);
            eyeLiner (w, XtWindow (w), w->eyes.outGC, w->eyes.centerGC, 1);
            computePupils (w->eyes.mouse, w->eyes.pupil);
            eyeBall (w, w->eyes.pupGC, 0);
            eyeBall (w, w->eyes.pupGC, 1);
      }
}

/* ARGSUSED */
static void draw_it (
     XtPointer client_data,
     XtIntervalId *id)        /* unused */
{
        EyesWidget      w = (EyesWidget)client_data;
      Window            rep_root, rep_child;
      int         rep_rootx, rep_rooty;
      unsigned int      rep_mask;
      int         dx, dy;
      TPoint            mouse;
      Display           *dpy = XtDisplay (w);
      Window            win = XtWindow (w);
      TPoint            newpupil[2];
      XPoint            xnewpupil, xpupil;

      if (XtIsRealized((Widget)w)) {
            XQueryPointer (dpy, win, &rep_root, &rep_child,
                  &rep_rootx, &rep_rooty, &dx, &dy, &rep_mask);
            mouse.x = Tx(dx, dy, &w->eyes.t);
            mouse.y = Ty(dx, dy, &w->eyes.t);
            if (!TPointEqual (mouse, w->eyes.mouse)) {
                  computePupils (mouse, newpupil);
                  xpupil.x = Xx(w->eyes.pupil[0].x, w->eyes.pupil[0].y, &w->eyes.t);
                  xpupil.y = Xy(w->eyes.pupil[0].x, w->eyes.pupil[0].y, &w->eyes.t);
                  xnewpupil.x =  Xx(newpupil[0].x, newpupil[0].y, &w->eyes.t);
                  xnewpupil.y =  Xy(newpupil[0].x, newpupil[0].y, &w->eyes.t);
                  if (!XPointEqual (xpupil, xnewpupil)) {
                      if (w->eyes.pupil[0].x != -1000 || w->eyes.pupil[0].y != -1000)
                        eyeBall (w, w->eyes.centerGC, 0);
                      w->eyes.pupil[0] = newpupil[0];
                      eyeBall (w, w->eyes.pupGC, 0);
                  }
                  xpupil.x = Xx(w->eyes.pupil[1].x, w->eyes.pupil[1].y, &w->eyes.t);
                  xpupil.y = Xy(w->eyes.pupil[1].x, w->eyes.pupil[1].y, &w->eyes.t);
                  xnewpupil.x =  Xx(newpupil[1].x, newpupil[1].y, &w->eyes.t);
                  xnewpupil.y =  Xy(newpupil[1].x, newpupil[1].y, &w->eyes.t);
                  if (!XPointEqual (xpupil, xnewpupil)) {
                      if (w->eyes.pupil[1].x != -1 || w->eyes.pupil[1].y != -1)
                        eyeBall (w, w->eyes.centerGC, 1);
                      w->eyes.pupil[1] = newpupil[1];
                      eyeBall (w, w->eyes.pupGC, 1);
                  }
                  w->eyes.mouse = mouse;
                  w->eyes.update = 0;
            } else {
                  if (delays[w->eyes.update + 1] != 0)
                        ++w->eyes.update;
            }
      }
      w->eyes.interval_id =
            XtAppAddTimeOut(XtWidgetToApplicationContext((Widget) w),
                        delays[w->eyes.update], draw_it, (XtPointer)w);
} /* draw_it */

static void Resize (Widget gw)
{
    EyesWidget    w = (EyesWidget) gw;
    XGCValues     xgcv;
    Widget  parent;
    int           x, y;

    if (XtIsRealized (gw))
    {
      XClearWindow (XtDisplay (w), XtWindow (w));
      SetTransform (&w->eyes.t,
                  0, w->core.width,
                  w->core.height, 0,
                  W_MIN_X, W_MAX_X,
                  W_MIN_Y, W_MAX_Y);
      if (w->eyes.shape_window) {
          w->eyes.shape_mask = XCreatePixmap (XtDisplay (w), XtWindow (w),
                w->core.width, w->core.height, 1);
          if (!w->eyes.shapeGC)
                  w->eyes.shapeGC = XCreateGC (XtDisplay (w), w->eyes.shape_mask, 0, &xgcv);
          XSetForeground (XtDisplay (w), w->eyes.shapeGC, 0);
          XFillRectangle (XtDisplay (w), w->eyes.shape_mask, w->eyes.shapeGC, 0, 0,
            w->core.width, w->core.height);
          XSetForeground (XtDisplay (w), w->eyes.shapeGC, 1);
          eyeLiner (w, w->eyes.shape_mask, w->eyes.shapeGC, (GC) 0, 0);
          eyeLiner (w, w->eyes.shape_mask, w->eyes.shapeGC, (GC) 0, 1);
          x = y = 0;
          for (parent = (Widget) w; XtParent (parent); parent = XtParent (parent)) {
            x += parent->core.x + parent->core.border_width;
            x += parent->core.y + parent->core.border_width;
          }
          XShapeCombineMask (XtDisplay (parent), XtWindow (parent), ShapeBounding,
                               x, y, w->eyes.shape_mask, ShapeSet);
          XFreePixmap (XtDisplay (w), w->eyes.shape_mask);
      }
    }
}

static void Realize (
     Widget gw,
     XtValueMask *valueMask,
     XSetWindowAttributes *attrs)
{
    EyesWidget    w = (EyesWidget)gw;

    if (w->eyes.backing_store != Always + WhenMapped + NotUseful) {
      attrs->backing_store = w->eyes.backing_store;
      *valueMask |= CWBackingStore;
    }
    XtCreateWindow( gw, (unsigned)InputOutput, (Visual *)CopyFromParent,
                 *valueMask, attrs );
    Resize (gw);
    w->eyes.interval_id =
      XtAppAddTimeOut(XtWidgetToApplicationContext(gw),
                  delays[w->eyes.update], draw_it, (XtPointer)gw);
}

static void Destroy (Widget gw)
{
     EyesWidget w = (EyesWidget)gw;

     if (w->eyes.interval_id)
      XtRemoveTimeOut (w->eyes.interval_id);
     XtReleaseGC(gw, w->eyes.pupGC);
     XtReleaseGC(gw, w->eyes.outGC);
     XtReleaseGC(gw, w->eyes.centerGC);
}

/* ARGSUSED */
static void Redisplay(
     Widget gw,
     XEvent *event,
     Region region)
{
    EyesWidget    w;

    w = (EyesWidget) gw;
    w->eyes.pupil[0].x = -1000;
    w->eyes.pupil[0].y = -1000;
    w->eyes.pupil[1].x = -1000;
    w->eyes.pupil[1].y = -1000;
    (void) repaint_window ((EyesWidget)gw);
}

/* ARGSUSED */
static Boolean SetValues (
    Widget current,
    Widget request,
    Widget new,
    ArgList args,
    Cardinal *num_args)
{
    return( FALSE );
}

EyesClassRec eyesClassRec = {
    { /* core fields */
    /* superclass       */    &widgetClassRec,
    /* class_name       */    "Eyes",
    /* size             */    sizeof(EyesRec),
    /* class_initialize       */    ClassInitialize,
    /* class_part_initialize  */    NULL,
    /* class_inited           */    FALSE,
    /* initialize       */    Initialize,
    /* initialize_hook        */    NULL,
    /* realize                */    Realize,
    /* actions                */    NULL,
    /* num_actions            */    0,
    /* resources        */    resources,
    /* num_resources          */    XtNumber(resources),
    /* xrm_class        */    NULLQUARK,
    /* compress_motion        */    TRUE,
    /* compress_exposure      */    TRUE,
    /* compress_enterleave    */    TRUE,
    /* visible_interest       */    FALSE,
    /* destroy                */    Destroy,
    /* resize                 */    Resize,
    /* expose                 */    Redisplay,
    /* set_values       */    SetValues,
    /* set_values_hook        */    NULL,
    /* set_values_almost      */    NULL,
    /* get_values_hook        */    NULL,
    /* accept_focus           */    NULL,
    /* version                */    XtVersion,
    /* callback_private       */    NULL,
    /* tm_table               */    NULL,
    /* query_geometry         */    XtInheritQueryGeometry,
    }
};

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